SDG is the master plan to improve the global living standard as well environment quality for all and everywhere, devised by the global leaders. It comprises of 17 Goals and 169 targets. Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) came into force on 1 January 2016 by a historic UN Summit with a view to mobilizing efforts to end all forms of poverty, inequalities and tackle climate change, while ensuring that no one is left behind. Unlike the Millennium Development Goals (MDG), the SDGs are universal as they call for action by all countries, poor, rich and middle-income to promote prosperity while protecting the planet. SDG recognise that ending poverty must go hand-in-hand with strategies that build economic growth and addresses a range of social needs including education, health, social protection, and job opportunities, while tackling climate change and environmental protection.
However, though the SDGs are not legally binding, the governments are expected to take ownership and establish national frameworks for its plan of actions, follow-up, and review of the progress made in implementing the Goals.
Implementation and success of SDGs will rely on the UN initiatives and the countries’ own sustainable development policies, plans and programmes. To this end, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) will be a compass for aligning countries’ plans with their global commitments. All stakeholders in the countries e.g. governments, civil society, the private sector, and others, are expected to contribute to the realisation of the new agenda. So, apart from the governments, it is our responsibility as the global inhabitants to contribute to the achievement of SDGs. For starting such contribution, we, at first, need to have critical understanding of the sustainable practices, and then, to assist in developing international and national indicators to monitor the progress made on the goals and targets.
No Poverty – End poverty in all its forms everywhere
Zero Hunger – End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
Good Health and Well-being – Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
Quality Education – Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
Gender Equality – Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
Clean Water and Sanitation – Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
Affordable and Clean Energy – Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
Decent Work and Economic Growth – Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure – Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
Reduced Inequalities – Reduce income inequality within and among countries
Sustainable Cities and Communities – Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
Responsible Consumption and Production – Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
Climate Action – Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts by regulating emissions and promoting developments in renewable energy
Life Below Water – Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
Life on Land – Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions – Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
Partnerships for the Goals – Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development